Transmutation poétique du cri de l’homme noir : Césaire alchimiste dans Cahier d’un retour au pays natal
MetadataShow full item record
In Cahier d’un retour au pays natal, Aimé Césaire, the poet from the French West Indies, expresses the subjectivity of a minority in both ways : the black scholar and poet comes back home as a stranger after having experienced being a black lonely student in Paris. This unique existential experience does not prevent him from crying his wrath loudly in the name of a majority, extending his writings to the universality of people submitted to oppression. For that matter, he does not speak his mother tongue, the “creole”, but French, the language of colonization that he metamorphoses as an alchemist would do. Hence, he creates a superior writing, which is close to the narrow paths of esthetical blendness. He mixes Rimbaud’s pre-surrealist sense of epiphany with African narratives and rhythms, that History has hidden. He can be compared to alchemists as he creates out of nothing a new linguistic material. Doing so, he does not deny his singularity as part of a minority. His new language is not a translation aimed at readers of different cultures nor a blend of mixed cultures, it really tries to enforce a new identity, at the crossroads of the remembrance of political consciousness of past sufferings as slaves and the pride of being coloured, either from Africa or from West Indies. Let us examine how this basic work expresses the revolts of oppressed minorities using a very singular poetics, on three levels ; on the esthetical, political, and ethical levels. First, we shall see how Césaire gives a voice to a voiceless minority through his new lyrics, then how Césaire as a poet of the universal, tries to lead all black people have a dignified conscience, then we shall see how this universality is not abstract one but concrete and how Césaire creates a «literature of the minorities» as Kafka did in its own way in Czechoslovakia expressing the soul of the Jewish community in German. Can Césaire’s endeavours be compared to the great poet of Prague ? Did he solve the deep contradictions of speaking in the name of a few and convince many ?
- Książki/Rozdziały 
The following license files are associated with this item: