Strajki w wybranych łódzkich zakładach pracy. Opis socjologiczny
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In the above article the authors discuss three strikęs, which took place in industrial companies of Łódź in August and September 1980. On the basis of direct interviews there were collected opinions, impressions, and experience of workers employed directly in production and concerning the course of strikes. This information along with analysis of documents on work stoppages (leaflets, announcements, lists of postulates etc.) allowed the authors to make an attempt at reconstructing the course and atmosphere of strikes, grasp the elements of their organization and collect the workers* evaluation of the problems which generated these strikes. While analyzing particular strikes end differences between them against the background of the general situation* - in Poland at that time, the authors performed a typology of strikes into demands, solidarity, and oppositional ones. A common feature of the described events is their, first of all, welfare character. In final conclusions the authors treat the strikes as n result of contradictions appearing in the socialist socio-political system, and mainly those between the bureaucratic management structure and unsatisfied material and social neede of the working class.