Zmiany w zasadach tworzenia zakładowego funduszu socjalnego a stan bazy socjalnej przedsiębiorstw (Na przykładzie przemysłu lniarskiego)
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The socio-welfare facilities of enterprises constitute a material base allowing them to perform their protective functions. The scope of socio-welfare activity of an enterprise and the ensuino scope of socio-welfare services provided by this enterprise reflect both the existing needs and financial capacities of the enterprise in this sphere. The seventies and early eighties witnessed significant changes in principles of financing the socio- -welfare activity by enterprises. They were accompanied by changes in the size of socio-welfare funds of enterprises, which in turn exerted its impact on their possibilities of maintaining socio- -welfare facilities. Changes which occurred in the years 1974-1983 in the state of socio-welfare base of enterprises were analyzed on the example of the linen industry, which is an industrial branch typical in many respects for the light industry. A trend towards curtailing the size of socio-welfare facilities could be observed since the mid-seventies. This trend was caused by changes in principles of financing the socio-welfare activity, which caused that resources for this purpose remaining at the disposal of enterprises were decreased temporarily. In the early eighties, the next change in principles of financing took place. It could be expected already then that the level of financial resources for this purpose would be unstable in the coming years and become a major impediment to continuation of the socio-welfare activity on the previous level. Consequently, a trend of selling out their socio-welfare facilities by enterprises was intensified. The only exception here were vacation centres for employees and their children. It was an expression of enterprises' desire to preserve their control over these welfare benefits which had been in the biggest demand for years. Trying to restrict the size of their socio-welfare facilities enterprises were transferring them to the authorities. This necessitated a considerable financial expenditure and organizational efforts on the part of the local authorities.