Łódzki system pośrednictwa pracy
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At the present time we have special administrative units dealing with employment in Poland such as employment agencies. They are responsible for performing public functions satisfying the needs of employers and employees or regulating their behaviours on the labour market. As regards the importance of tasks accomplished, a special role is played by district employment agencies. That is why they have become an object of analysis in this report, which does not mean that the activity of other institutions within this system has been passed unnoticed. Focussing attention on district employment agencies is due to the fact that these institutions, being organs of the state administration, are responsible for the employment policy pursued by the State and for the reduction of unemployment in their areas. They also carry the main responsibility for employment services. The paper is of a theoretical-empirical character and it is composed of four parts. Its first part shows the role and importance of employment agencies against the background of legal regulations. The second part describes the methods and funds of employment agencies, which allow to reduce unemployment. Economic difficulties and emerging social conflicts make it necessary for employment agencies to participate actively in the fight against unemployment. It is a very complex task not easy to solve particularly at the time the State copes with a financial crisis. The third part of the report is focussed on the system of employment agencies in the city of Łódź. It analyzes the conditions in which they operate (premises, personnel, technical problems), and changes in unemployment rates. The operation of one such agency has been evaluated with regard to active forms of employment services curbing unemployment used by it. This approach allowed to identify various problems acting as constraints for employment agencies during the period of systemic changes in the economy. The performed studies allowed to map out the directions of evolution in the system of employment agencies in the fourth part of the report. The author analyzes the possibility of tapping the Polish and foreign experience. We are aware that it should be done with a great deal of caution, because specific economic and social conditions in the Administrative Province of Łódź cause that models already tested elsewhere are not always adequate to our conditions and expectations.