The following article presents male and female management styles. The article shows results
of research carried out by domestic and foreign researchers, including the author’s own work about
sex-related management styles.
It also presents management styles in hard times. A particular focus was placed on skills and
competences that are of growing importance in the uncertain business environment.
Furthermore, the article underlines the role of business leaders’ emotional intelligence, the latter
being a supplement to rational intelligence. An emphasis was placed on the role of emotional
intelligence in the economic activity, determining social relationships between employees. It is also
an essential variable in the field of company management.