Propozycje uregulowania międzynarodowego obrotu usług na forum Rundy Urugwajskiej GATT
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One of the most controversial matters that have been placed on the list of subjects for negotiations in the Uruguay Round is the problem of trade in services. So far the negotiations taking place within the framework of GATT were limited to easing restrictions in the international trade in goods. Now the same process is to be under way with respect to international trade in services. The inclusion of services into the Ministerial Declaration Trom Punta del Este (Uruguay) - the site of September 1986 ministerial session of GATT member-states opening the next round of multilateral trade negotiations - does not mean that the views of major parties in international trade over the liberalization of service transactions are convergent. On the contrary, there exist significant differences in positions especially between the developed market-economy countries - on the one hand, and the majority of the developing countries - on the other. These differences refer to such fundamental problems as the purpose of such negotiations, techniques of their conduct, the extent of posible reductions of restrictions in trade in services, the problem оГ ensuring reciprocal concessions etc The aim of this paper is to present the most important reasons for many countries' interest in liberalization of international trade in services and the positions of main groups of countries over that matter as well as the difficulties connected with easing the restrictions in the sphere of international economic relations.