Działalność organizacji społecznych w środowisku młodych pracowników przemysłu
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The article contains an attempt at showing mechanisms and tendencies concerning the operation of social organizations in the working youth environment, which led to the questioning of the existing institutional forms monopolizing the social activity. The analysis is based on results of empiric studies on social involvement of young industrial workers (between 18 and 30 years of age). The obtained results show that the social involvement before August 1980 represented a function of the place held by particular categories of young workers in the formal structure of an industrial company. The easiest “access" to social-type activities had young “managers" (the so-called medium-level technical supervision i.e. foremen, managers of sections etc.), the smallest one - workers with poor qualifications and poor educational background. The fact that activities of social organizations were based on the medium-level technical supervision was, in our conviction, a result of excessive growth of the mobilization function of organizations in an industrial company. Such mechanism of functioning of organizations accounted for the fact that membership in organizations in relation to executive workers, and especially qualified and white-collar workers not only did not represent a platform for their subject status out, on the contrary, it inpreased their feeling of being objects. Both in production sphere and in organizations they were allocated exclusively the executive role.