|dc.description.abstract||Though early medieval and modern architecture, studied by ethnographers, is fairly well
known, there is a gap in our knowledge of building in the Late Middle Ages. It was only with the
development of historical archaeology, first directed towards the study of defensive features,
residential architecture, castles and finally towns that the interest in single constructions or whole
architectural complexes began to grow.
The studies performed so far show that in the Late Middle Ages three basic constructional
types existed side by side: 1) houses with cross joint logs corners (block construction); 2) houses
with walls of short timber planks tenoned into the slots of vertical posts; 3) timber-framed houses.
For lack of adequate data it is not possible to assess their respective proportions or the
preponderance of any of them. Presumably various factors such as character of settlement, natural
environment, limitation of timber felling and also regional specificity, already distinct at that time,
had played a part. It is also possible to assume that a two-room house with a central entrance
lobby began to appear in the early 13th century.
It seems that in the Late Middle Ages the importance of block construction (type 1),
outstanding in the preceding periods, did not decline, though this type began to disappear
relatively early from urban settlement. That period witnessed a sort of revival of the second
constructional type only occasional in the Early Middle Ages, but fairly common in prehistoric
The timber-frame-and-board construction (type 3), recorded in Poland about the mid-13th
century, is best documented at Pułtusk. It was inspired by the palisade type called stav - Stabbau,
a more developed form of which was earlier known in Germany and Scandinavia. This
construction seems to have been employed in late medieval towns and preceded houses built on
a timber frame with wattle-and-daub walls, which began to appear only in the 14th-15th centuries.
Gdansk, where because of its specificity, houses with brick-nogged timber walls appeared much
earlier, is an exception.||pl_PL