К вопросу о трудовой активности молодых кадров
Young people uocount for about one third of manpower employed in the Bulgarian national economy and hence the professional activity of this group represents a very important problem. And althought his subject has received a great deal of attention in the economic literature there are missing comprehensive studies on this group of manpower. In this article the author analyzes the educational background and professional qualifications of the working youth and the influence of these factors on their professional activity. Generally speaking the professional activity level of employees is determined by two groups of factors: 1) factors connected with personality development of employees including the level of social development of an individual, level of his professional preparation, political and ideological maturity, etc.; 2) factors connected with technical, organizational and other conditions determining objective possibilities of an individual's activity and utilization of his abilities (skills) in work. Struktural researches on both groups off actors and mechanisms of their operation are carried out with in the framework of different categories of the working youth. Their results allow to promote higher professional activity. On the other hand, professional activity of the Bulgarian youth is restricted by such factors as higher acquired qualifications than those which are really necessary as defined by the existing technical and organizational production level, job mobility etc. The article contains propositions of better utilization of the present possibilities of increasing professional activity of young people in the Bulgarian economy.