Kurs walutowy a struktura wymiany oraz produkcji krajowej
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Ťhe article analyzes interrelationships between the level of currency exchange rates and tne structure of trade exchange and production. These relationships are analyzed successively assuming different currency exchange systems — excluded, restricted and full mechanim of an exchange rate operation, with the system of restricted exchange rates being further disaggregated. In each case, the author analyzes an inlluence ol changes in currency exchange rates on profitability of export, import and domestic production of particular commodity groups and, conseguently, on the structure ol loreign trade and domestic production. There are separately presented consequences of non-balancing flows ol capital for these relationships. The only possibility of ensuring structural changes in the economy compatible with requirements posed by external conditions in a direct and full impact of a flexible exchange rate on internal prices, costs and incomes. While analyzing the impact of a currency exchange rate on internal prices and costs the author discusses also a controversial problem of proinflationary influence of devaluation.