Analityczna metoda oceny jakości prac
The article analyzes the problem of performance appraisal. Performance standards are examined according to their two functions concerning their uniform and universal character. In this context, there is presented the method proposed by A. Melich, which refers to joint appraisal of manual and clerical work. The author devotes a great deal of her attention to analytical and identification instruments of the method such as: 1) systematics of criteria and characteristics of performance standards appraisal; 2) appraisal of performance standards along with appraisal notes; 3) table of growth in the number of points for particular appraisal notes assuming progressive growth of their value. The article contains an example of performance appraisal with estimation of the sum of points as well as a model of a filled form describing a work post. A wide ran g e of identification instruments ensures: 1) explicitness of research procedure; 2) it reduces the influence of subjective factor; 3) it increases accuracy and objectiveness of results. The proposed analytical method of performance appraisal may be adopted for lab o u r appraisal on the macroeconomic scale, and its results may be treated as information basis for elaboration of the basic wage system in the national economy.