Gospodarka mleczarska w województwie skierniewickim
The article contains an assessment of the raw material base and processing capacities of the dairy industry in Skierniewice province from the viewpoint of its further development. The dairy industry plays an increasingly more important role in nutrition of the population both in this province and in the urbanized adjoining provinces. Its specific location between the two biggest agglomerations in Poland has not changed the traditionally agricultural character of this province. It’s reflected among others in the structure of land utilization and in the employment structure. In milk production this province scores higher indices than the national average despite relatively small acreage of meadows and pasture lands. As a result of a difficult fodder situation in the country, the stock of cattle has been subject to some fluctuations in recent years, which, however, did not exert any major Influence on the level of milk purchases. In 1980 it amounted to 220.2 million litres. The co-operative dairy industry bases its activity on raw material obtained with the province. The plants in Brzeziny, Głuchów, Łowicz, Rawa Mazowiecka, and Skierniewioe are unfortunately unable to process the whole quantity of the purchased milk which necessitates its transfers (ca. 25 million litreJ to processing plants in provinces of Łódź (70 per cent) and Warsaw (30 per cent). The industry manufactures all the more important groups of dairy products with production of cream, drinking milk, and cottage cheese showing the highest dynamics over the 1977** •1980 period. , „ .. Despite numerous difficulties there is predicted further growth of raw milk production by 1985 (to reach 250 million litre) *a well as expansion of the processing capacities. It is planned that the increment in processing capacities (by 150 to 200»0°0 litres per day) will be achieved through expansion of the plant at Łowicz and construction of two new plants in regions characterized with raw material surpluses i.e. in vicinity of Żyrardów and Rawa Mazowiecka.