Teoretyczne aspekty partnerstwa publiczno-prywatnego – zalety, wady, bariery rozwoju w Polsce oraz związek z ideą nowego zarządzania publicznego, prywatyzacji i zamówień publicznych
Mikołajczyk, Dariusz P.
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During last years cooperation between private and public sectors became more popular. It’s the effect of visible results of this process. That is why we should think more about potential of public-private partnership, which is not made the most of. We have to remember, that public infrastructure in Poland also is not developed and this favour PPP development. There are many definitions of PPP, but their common thing is statement that they concern projects realize common by public and private sectors. Such activities can bring advantages to both sites. That can be financial costs division on all years of the investment or risk division. What is more, it can also raise quality level of public services. Moreover private firms are more term in opposition to the public sector. Besides more projects can be realized by this way, as financial outsources are taken into account. However the cooperation of this two sectors can give also some disadvantages. The most important threat is high risk of corruption. Additionally, the way of projects prepare are very long and can affect public services quality. We are able to distinguish many barriers of PPP development. The most important are law barriers, lack of public services and PPP contracts standardization. Also procedures of private partner choice are not regulated in a proper way. This form of cooperation is also promoted insufficiently. Partly that is the reason why public sector is unprepared for gain european funds. In addition, society is not interested with public matters. Next problem is high level of private policy in public partner units and serve one term in majority of cases. Furthermore, in society eyes PPP process seems to be very mysterious. That is way public-private partnership can be mistaken by a society with public orders. The differences between them should be shown. We have to remember that PPP should be connected in people minds with New Public Management and not mistaken with privatization process. Concluding, the most important issue is to educate society and show possibilities as well as aims which can be reached by using private-public partnership.