The Influence of PARP, ATR, CHK1 Inhibitors on Premature Mitotic Entry and Genomic Instability in High-Grade Serous BRCAMUT and BRCAWT Ovarian Cancer Cells, Sonata Bis 2019/34/E/NZ7/00056, Sonata Bis-9 (dataset)
5. Immunofluorescence and Immunocytochemistry Staining, NCN Sonata Bis 2019_34_E_NZ7_00056.zip (72.41Mb)
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Olaparib is a poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitor (PARPi) that inhibits PARP1/2, leading to replication-induced DNA damage that requires homologous recombination repair. Olaparib is often insufficient to treat BRCA-mutated (BRCAMUT) and BRCA wild-type (BRCAWT) high-grade serous ovarian carcinomas (HGSOCs). The short-term (up to 48 h) efficacy of PARPi treatment on a DNA damage response pathway mediated by ATR and CHK1 kinases in BRCAMUT (PEO-1) and BRCAWT (SKOV-3 and OV-90) cells was examined. The combination of ATRi/CHK1i with PARPi was not more cytotoxic than ATR and CHK1 monotherapy. The combination of olaparib with inhibitors of the ATR/CHK1 pathway generated chromosomal abnormalities, independent on BRCAMUT status of cells and formed of micronuclei (MN). However, the beneficial effect of the PARPi:ATRi combination on MN was seen only in the PEO1 BRCAMUT line. Monotherapy with ATR/CHK1 inhibitors reduced BrdU incorporation due to a slower rate of DNA synthesis, which resulted from elevated levels of replication stress, while simultaneous blockade of PARP and ATR caused beneficial effects only in OV-90 cells. Inhibition of ATR/CHK1 increased the formation of double-strand breaks as measured by increased γH2AX expression at collapsed replication forks, resulting in increased levels of apoptosis. Our findings indicate that ATR and CHK1 inhibitors provoke premature mitotic entry, leading to genomic instability and ultimately cell death.
- Dane badawcze 
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