Efektywność strategii wolicjonalnych u osób depresyjnych
This study presents the investigation the efficiency of the volitional strategies in the group of depressive person while making interpersonal decision. The theoretical basis of this study is Kuhl’s Depression Theory. According to Kuhl’s theory an important determinants of depression are the persevering intentional states which can not be eliminated and postponed: the so called degenerated intentions. The degenerated intention overloads the mental resource of working memory. As a result, enactment of a new or realistic intentions may be impaired because of unavailability of the memory capacity needed for their execution. It leads to deficits in motivational and executive levels. This research was done to test an efficiency of the selected volitional strategies (emotional control, selective attention, prasimony of information processing) in experimental conditions with the well described intention in the depressive and health group of subjects (in Kuhl’s study the degenerated intention was inducted by experimental conditions). This study was inspired by an idea of Maria Lewicka. The research results show the decreased efficiency of volitional strategies in the group of depressive subjects in compare to the healthy subjects, independency of the research conditions.