Population Aging and Some Social Consequences of the Process in the Country and in the Region
The paper describes the state of population aging in Poland and one voivodeship (Kujawsko-pomorskie) in the early 21st c., as well as showing how the process will develop in the next future, limited by the beginning of the 2030s. Using the economic and biological age groups to describe the structure of popula- tion with respect to aging, we need to note that the shares of age groups are similar in the voivodeship and in the country, both today and throughout the Central Statistical Of- fice’s most recent population projection. The similar shares of the working age group and retirement age group in the analysed areas translate into almost identical potential support ratios for the country and the mentioned administrative unit and into their future trends. Population aging considered in the cross section of urban and rural areas makes it evident that the process consequences (e.g. for the labour market, the social policy) will affect the urban population more strongly than the rural population.