Pojęcie i warunki urzeczywistnienia ideału wychowawczego socjalizmu
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The basic assumption of the article is a thesis that the effectiveness of the socialist upbringing in the final account depends upon the way in which all institutions are operating daily. Pi*operly functioning economic, political, and other systems shape appropriate attitudes by themselves. On the other hand, the affects of evident evil on human awareness will not be compensated even by the best system of education. By the concept of the educational ideal of socialism the author means here historical changes in tho system of attitudes ensuring in given conditions a rapid social progress and comprehensive development of individuals. The ideal thus perceived is first revealed In actions of individuals and groups most engaged in construction of the sociopolitical system, and only then it is disseminated under influence of socializing and educational efforts. The educational ideal of socialism should be a personality fighting for justice, equality and freedom. The attitude of fight with the evil promotes social progress and is in line with the Marxist concept of happiness. In order to achieve the educational ideal of socialism it becomes necessary to fulfil the following four essential conditions: firstly - proper formulation of the ideal and its proper dissemination; secondly - creation of a system of stimuli, in accordance with which a conduct conforming to the ideal allows to obtain desirable values; thirdly - elimination of divergencies between ideals and practice in activities of institutions; fourthly - construction of a complementary educational system.