This chapter is focused on the problem of income inequalities in contemporary
China which is one of the biggest developmental challenges for this country. First
this part of the analysis includes general overview on studied problem putting
emphasis on instrument for measuring income inequalities, and general drivers
of this phenomenon. Second part is concentered on the nature of this problem in
China since the late 1970s, when country has faced a period of rapid economic
development. Chapter also points out attempts taken by the Chinese government
to reduce income inequalities.