Study focuses on the issue of social change, based on transition process in Poland, analysed through gender perspective. Although many books and reports on both transition and women’s social position have been conducted and published before, studies joining those two perspectives were rare. The analysis bases on contemporary sociological theories of social change, concerning gender: Manuel Castells’s idea of the end of patriarchy, Ronald Inglehart and Pippa Norris concept of rising tide of gender equality and cultural change, theory of new gender contract formulated by Małgorzata Fuszara and Anthony Giddens’s idea of democratisation in private sphere. The book includes also wide account on history of gender issues in sociological theories and its contemporary position in mainstream social science. It also presents main theoretical approaches to social phenomena of gender inequality, and summarises key issues of research.