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dc.contributor.authorTazbir, Jędrzej
dc.description.abstractThe article juxtaposes two explanations of the ancient phenomenon of sacrifice, one of which, formulated by René Girard, emphasizes the aspects of scapegoating and transference of people’s violent inclinations, while the other, developed by Jonathan Klawans and focused on the ancient Israeli sacrificial customs, attributes chief significance to the notions of purity, defilement, and achieving the state of imitatio Dei by the offerer. Though these explanations are at odds in many respects, with Klawans being vocally critical of Girard’s approach, the article seeks to present both of them as applicable to the context of a contemporary sacrifice depicted in Adele Wiseman’s novel, The Sacrifice. Its protagonist, the article argues, finds a way of blending these two orders together largely by the use of the mental figure of the animal, the projection of which onto his victim allows him to perceive her in dualistic manner, as simultaneously sacred and wicked. In the light of this, the ostensibly morally sanctioned practice of ancient Abrahamic sacrifice is shown to contain an unaccounted for potential to instigate ruinous acts, and the figure of the animal, within a situation characterized by the blurring of boundaries and distinctions, with which a sacrificial crisis is unalterably associated, attains an ambiguous, if not sinister, significance.en_GB
dc.publisherWydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiegoen_GB
dc.relation.ispartofseriesAnalyses/Rereadings/Theories: A Journal Devoted to Literature, Film and Theatre; 1
dc.rightsThis work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License.en_GB
dc.subjectCanadian literatureen_GB
dc.subjectJewish literatureen_GB
dc.titleThe Vivified Sacrificial Rites as the Site of Conflation of Man and Animal in Adele Wiseman’s "The Sacrifice"en_GB
dc.contributor.authorAffiliationUniversity of Łódź
dc.referencesFroese, Edna. “Unbinding Isaac and God Story as Promise in Adele Wiseman’s The Sacrifice.” Canadian Literature 181.2 (2004): 11–24. Web. 26 May 2017.en_GB
dc.referencesGirard, René. The Girard Reader. Ed. James G. Williams. New York: Crossroad, 2000.en_GB
dc.referencesGirard, René. The Scapegoat. Trans. Yvonne Freccero. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 1986.en_GB
dc.referencesGirard, René. Violence and the Sacred. Trans. Patrick Gregory. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 1989.en_GB
dc.referencesGordon, Jean Ellen. “Myth and Metaphor in Adele Wiseman’s Fiction: A Study in the Relationship Between Ancient Texts and Modern Narrative.” MA thesis. Concordia University, 1992. Web. 26 May 2017.en_GB
dc.referencesGreenstein, Michael. “Movement and Vision in The Sacrifice.” Canadian Literature 8 (Spring 1979): 23–36. Web. 26 May 2017.en_GB
dc.referencesGreenstein, Michael. Third Solitudes: Tradition and Discontinuity in Jewish-Canadian Literature. Montreal: McGill- Queens UP, 1989.en_GB
dc.referencesKlawans, Jonathan. Impurity and Sin in Ancient Judaism. New York: OUP, 2000.en_GB
dc.referencesGreenstein, Michael. “Pure Violence: Sacrifice and Defilement in Ancient Israel.” The Harvard Theological Review 94. (2001): 133–15. Web. 26 May 2017.en_GB
dc.referencesGreenstein, Michael. Purity, Sacrifice, and the Temple: Symbolism and Supersessionism in the Study of Ancient Judaism. New York: OUP, 2010.en_GB
dc.referencesLoVerso, Marco. “The Circle of Conversation in The Sacrifice.” Studies in Canadian Literature / Études en littératurecanadienne 7.2 (1982): n. pag. Web. 26 May 2017.en_GB
dc.referencesMoss, John. Patterns of Isolation in English Canadian Fiction. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1974.en_GB
dc.referencesPennee, Donna Palmateer. “‘The Hand of a Murderer, Hero, Artist, the Hand of Man’: Rereading Adele Wiseman’s The Sacrifice.” Adele Wiseman: Essays on Her Works. Ed. Ruth Panofsky. Toronto: Guernica, 2001. 10–30.en_GB
dc.referencesWiseman, Adele. The Sacrifice. New York: The Viking P, 1956.en_GB
dc.referencesZipursky, Freda S. “The Work of Adele Wiseman.” MA thesis. McMaster University, 1980. Web. 26 May 2017.en_GB

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