Zintegrowane plany rozwoju – w stronę terytorialno-funkcjonalnego podejścia do rozwoju jednostki terytorialnej
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A new interpretation of the meaning of space in the processes of economic development (i.e. the territorial development paradigm) has led to the reinterpretation of the ways of pursuing the development policy at the local / regional level. The foundation of this paradigm of creating development policy is also a powerful critique of the existing methods of stimulating the development made at the beginning of a new programming period. It showed the inefficiency and ineffectiveness of the cohesion policy, both in terms of building cohesion and competitiveness of the European community. In response to these problems, an attempt to reform the methods and ways of stimulating the development in European, regional and local dimension has been made. Embodiment of these reforms is the territorial and functional approach to creating development policy (place based policy). This approach aims at the greater consideration of different conditions of development and optimal use of endogenous resources (i.e. the territorial capital) in the dynamization of development processes. It emphasizes the need for change in the method of strategic planning of the development of territorial units and creating the so-called integrated plans. Presented considerations directly affect the new paradigm of planning and the creation of territorial development. The author embeds her deliberations in the processes of territorial development to interpret the essence of an integrated development policy on the basis of such a specific theoretical foundation. In further analyzes, attention is focused on new instruments of the territorialisation of development policy identified within the Committee for Spatial Economy and Regional Planning. The quintessence of the considerations is to show the nature and stages of the development of integrated strategic plans at the local level. The author shows the difference and specificity of the integrated planning process. The discussion ends with the identification of barriers and challenges in the implementation of the integrated plans, indicating the areas of overcoming stereotypes in Polish realities of self-governments.
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