Bulletin of the Section of Logic
http://hdl.handle.net/11089/9983
2024-08-12T00:33:44ZSequent Systems for Consequence Relations of Cyclic Linear Logics
http://hdl.handle.net/11089/52599
Sequent Systems for Consequence Relations of Cyclic Linear Logics
Płaczek, Paweł
Linear Logic is a versatile framework with diverse applications in computer science and mathematics. One intriguing fragment of Linear Logic is Multiplicative-Additive Linear Logic (MALL), which forms the exponential-free component of the larger framework. Modifying MALL, researchers have explored weaker logics such as Noncommutative MALL (Bilinear Logic, BL) and Cyclic MALL (CyMALL) to investigate variations in commutativity. In this paper, we focus on Cyclic Nonassociative Bilinear Logic (CyNBL), a variant that combines noncommutativity and nonassociativity. We introduce a sequent system for CyNBL, which includes an auxiliary system for incorporating nonlogical axioms. Notably, we establish the cut elimination property for CyNBL. Moreover, we establish the strong conservativeness of CyNBL over Full Nonassociative Lambek Calculus (FNL) without additive constants. The paper highlights that all proofs are constructed using syntactic methods, ensuring their constructive nature. We provide insights into constructing cut-free proofs and establishing a logical relationship between CyNBL and FNL.
2024-04-24T00:00:00ZA Syntactic Proof of the Decidability of First-Order Monadic Logic
http://hdl.handle.net/11089/52598
A Syntactic Proof of the Decidability of First-Order Monadic Logic
Orlandelli, Eugenio; Tesi, Matteo
Decidability of monadic first-order classical logic was established by Löwenheim in 1915. The proof made use of a semantic argument and a purely syntactic proof has never been provided. In the present paper we introduce a syntactic proof of decidability of monadic first-order logic in innex normal form which exploits G3-style sequent calculi. In particular, we introduce a cut- and contraction-free calculus having a (complexity-optimal) terminating proof-search procedure. We also show that this logic can be faithfully embedded in the modal logic T.
2024-02-09T00:00:00ZFuzzy Sub-Equality Algebras Based on Fuzzy Points
http://hdl.handle.net/11089/52597
Fuzzy Sub-Equality Algebras Based on Fuzzy Points
Kologani, Mona Aaly; Takallo, Mohammad Mohseni; Jun, Young Bae; Borzooei, Rajab Ali
In this paper, by using the notion of fuzzy points and equality algebras, the notions of fuzzy point equality algebra, equality-subalgebra, and ideal were established. Some characterizations of fuzzy subalgebras were provided by using such concepts. We defined the concepts of \((\in, \in)\) and \((\in, \in\! \vee \, {q})\)-fuzzy ideals of equality algebras, discussed some properties, and found some equivalent definitions of them. In addition, we investigated the relation between different kinds of \((\alpha,\beta)\)-fuzzy subalgebras and \((\alpha,\beta)\)-fuzzy ideals on equality algebras. Also, by using the notion of \((\in, \in)\)-fuzzy ideal, we defined two equivalence relations on equality algebras and we introduced an order on classes of \(X\), and we proved that the set of all classes of \(X\) by these order is a poset.
2023-12-18T00:00:00ZSome Logics in the Vicinity of Interpretability Logics
http://hdl.handle.net/11089/52596
Some Logics in the Vicinity of Interpretability Logics
Celani, Sergio A.
In this paper we shall define semantically some families of propositional modal logics related to the interpretability logic \(\mathbf{IL}\). We will introduce the logics \(\mathbf{BIL}\) and \(\mathbf{BIL}^{+}\) in the propositional language with a modal operator \(\square\) and a binary operator \(\Rightarrow\) such that \(\mathbf{BIL}\subseteq\mathbf{BIL}^{+}\subseteq\mathbf{IL}\). The logic \(\mathbf{BIL}\) is generated by the relational structures \(\left<X,R,N\right>\), called basic frames, where \(\left<X,R\right>\) is a Kripke frame and \(\left<X,N\right>\) is a neighborhood frame. We will prove that the logic \(\mathbf{BIL}^{+}\) is generated by the basic frames where the binary relation \(R\) is definable by the neighborhood relation \(N\) and, therefore, the neighborhood semantics is suitable to study the logic \(\mathbf{BIL}^{+}\) and its extensions. We shall also study some axiomatic extensions of \(\mathsf{\mathbf{BIL}}\) and we will prove that these extensions are sound and complete with respect to a certain classes of basic frames. Finally, we prove that the logic BIL+ and some of its extensions are complete respect with the class of neighborhood frames.
2023-11-22T00:00:00Z