In this chapter the author examines the representation of the Iberian
and Apennine Peninsula in the astronomical and geographical treatise
Introductio in Ptolemaei cosmographiam cum longitudinibus et
latitudinibus regionum et civitatum celebriorum of Jan of Stobnica.
These two countries provided fertile ground for the Cracow writer to
articulate his ideas about the typology of Spain and Italy, their main
cities and history. By examining these geographical descriptions, the
author of the chapter shows how Jan of Stobnica constructed an image
of the Iberian and Apennine Peninsula in keeping with the goals and
context of his own work, while creating a vision of the Iberian Peninsula
as a land of battles against Saracens, and a place from which
transatlantic voyages had begun in order to discover the New World.