|dc.description.abstract||The present state of industrial relations in Poland can be described as stabilized, however
there is one more question to be considered, namely whether this phenomenon has
established itself in the collective work relations or whether we can only treat it as a temporary
In order to answer this question, it is worth analyzing the dynamics and carrying out
a characterization of strikes in Poland throughout the last fifteen years, that is since the
moment of democratization of the functioning о the country.
There is a wide range of legal regulations concerning strikes, to which a separate
chapter of the act on settlement of collective disputes of 23 May 1991 has been devoted.
In spile of the existence of such a vast number of regulations and the fact that there
are in the act clear regulations providing legality to strikes, many laws remain defunct.
This results from the problems left over from he previous era and from the close links
existing between leading trade union central offices and politics. Despite a wide range
of possibilities connected with organizing strikes in compliance with the regulations, trade
unions too eagerly resorted to illegal strikes and - what is worse - did not bear any
consequences. Such a status quo gave impetus to a spiral of strikes which operated on
the basis of a domino effect - an outbreak of a strike in one industry often resulted
in similar action in other branches, which is proved by the strike statistics in the years
1990-2002. Strikes perform many functions (also positive ones), however it is necessary to take
into consideration the fact that in an overall analysis its effects and costs are unpredictable.
Perhaps that is why protest campaigns have gained so much in popularity. They are
to a lesser extent fraught with consequences and - what is equally important - people
who have no right to strike can participate in them. Since 1994 the number of strikes
has remained on a relatively low level, which should be regarded as a positive phenomenon.
However, random quantities in individual years and the motives of trade unions’ restraint
from strikes indicate that it is necessary to keep reserve despite this optimism, all the
more that the government more and more frequently seeks budgetary cuts, which for
a very long time has been one of the reasons for an outbreak of a wave of social
|dc.description.sponsorship||Zadanie pt. „Digitalizacja i udostępnienie w Cyfrowym Repozytorium Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego kolekcji czasopism naukowych wydawanych przez Uniwersytet Łódzki” nr 885/P-DUN/2014 zostało dofinansowane ze środków MNiSW w ramach działalności upowszechniającej naukę.||pl_PL
|dc.publisher||Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego||pl_PL
|dc.relation.ispartofseries||Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Oeconomica;207||
|dc.title.alternative||The Anatomy of Strikes||pl_PL
|dc.rights.holder||© Copyright by Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego, Łódź 2007||pl_PL
|dc.contributor.authorAffiliation||Uniwersytet Łódzki, Wydział Ekonomiczno-Socjologiczny, Katedra Polityki Ekonomicznej||pl_PL