Grupy autonomiczne Jako forma organizacji pracy i podstawy ich tworzenia
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The analysis performed by the author and based on the literature of the subject deals with establishment of group forms of work organization. Autonomous groups functioning at the lowest management levels in companies and characterized with a big independence in their activity are a good example of properly understood humanization of work. Their activity counteracts negative socio-psychological effects resulting from excessive atomization of labour division. Autonomous groups are an example of expanding, enriching, and thus Improving quaiity of work. The author formulates the concept of autonomous group, characterizes factors in favour of group organization of work, and points at a relationship between the type of technical-organizational system and a possibility of establishing autonomous working teams. The article ends with presentation of a model group accompanied by discussion of the scope of its independence and responsibility.