Teoretyczna i badawcza problematyka funkcjonowania ogniw syetemu wychowania w gminie
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The article contains an analysis of functioning of the educational system in local aggregations. It presents thtf projected and actually functioning educational system. The author's attention is focussed on rural educational environment. The article sets forward to discuss certain theoretical and methodological problems connected with the systems analysis of the educational environment as well as place thi3 problem area in a wider education theory. While defining the educational system the author applied an institutional approach, in which the institution of education represents a fundamental element of the system. This is connected with the concept of the aim of the system's functioning and integration of its elements. A basic part of the article is devoted to analysis of the educational system's functioning in the environment, Quoting three concepts of the environment's educational functioning, the^author concentrates her attention on real functioning of the educational system. ïhe analysis of this system encompasses itsj following aspects:~ 1. Characteristics of the environment in economic, socio-demographic, geographical, cultural, and natural spheres. 2. Problem of recording of the environment's component elements. 3. Integration of the system's elements. There are quoted here different approaches and types of integration. 4. Problem of co-operation of the elements. The article points out factors affecting co-operation of different institutions within the environment. 5. Co-ordination of the aytem's elements. There are presented here types and levels of co-ordination as well as discussion of the unit co-ordinating activities of particular elements of the system. The final part of the article contains comments concerning analysis of the real functioning of the educational system in a rural commune - a rural educational environment. The author ‘describes specific features of the rural educational environment in comparison with other environments. The article contains also a report on researches on the functioning of the educational system in local aggregation and gives justification for conducting researches in the country.