"Моцарт и Cальери" в поле интертекстуальных игр
The reception of Alexander Pushin’s ‘little tragedy’ Mozart and Salieri – that was originally meant as a dramatic study of envy – by the Russian literary and theatre scholars, has tended to move in the direction of exhibiting two types of artistic creators: Mozart – the genius, an artist with a Godgiven talent, and Antonio Salieri – the craftsman-composer who practices his musical craft with great skill and, moreover, to using sensational plot devices, such as murder committed out of envy, and the eruptions of human passions and emotions. The authors of the latest versions of Mozart and Salieri, Nikolai Kolyada and Olga Boguslavskaya, make reference to the romantic original work by employing a model situation of contrasting two different types of artists, their opinions on the essence of art (brilliance and genius), and their disposition and ethical principles. They fill in the Pushkin’s pattern with the realities of artistic life in modern Russia. The authors use familiar quotations, situations and selected motifs and submit them to the conventions of the game, typical of the poetics of intertextuality. Thanks to the convention of the game (swapping roles, introducing contemporary themes, such as the role of cultural policy and television in building artistic careers), they manage to avoid the pathos and philosophical stigma of the original, providing, instead, a socio-cultural image of the creative individual’s fate in modern times.