Problem of unemployment is still major for thousands of families in Poland according to data
released by the Central Statistical Office. Unemployment, particularly long-term, young age, low
education level, the fact of living in a village or a small town increase the likelihood of poverty.
Long-term unemployment contributes to inactivity not only professional, but also social, understated
sense of self-worth and security, social marginalization. The consequence is a multi-faceted
negative impact on all family members. The purpose of this article is to present the current situation
in the labour market and the impact of unemployment on the problem of poverty and possible
support institutions and institutions activating groups deemed to be excluded in the labour market.
Various forms of activation can counteract remaining unemployed or inactive in the labor market
and, consequently, can provide the way out of poverty and increase a control of their own lives.