Tracing The Spatial Patterns Of Innovation Determinants In Regional Economic Performance
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This paper investigates factors of innovation and their role in regional economic performance for a sample of 261 EU NUTS 2 regions over 2009–2012. In our study, we identify regions with spillover as well as drain effects of innovation factors on economic performance. The spatial analysis indicates that both regional innovativeness and regional development, are strongly determined by the region’s location and neighbourhood, with severe consequences for the Eastern and Central Europe. We assessed the impact of innovation factors and their spatial counterparts on economic performance by spatial Durbin panel model. The model is designed to test the existence and strength of country-effect of innovativeness on the level of regional economic status. This allows for controlling the country-specific socio-economic factors, without reducing the number of degrees of freedom. Our model shows that regions benefit economically from their locational spillovers in terms of social capital. However, the decomposition of R&D expenditures revealed competition effect between internal R&D and external technology acquisition favouring in-house research over the outsourced ones.