The chapter presents the main assumptions of the Rural Renewal programme. It is important for the activation of local communities. The course of implementation of the program, at its beginnings, with the use the EU funds available for this purpose, was portrayed on the example of Nowosolna (łódzkie voivodeship). The chapter depicts function of the projects implemented under the Rural Renewal programme, for the inhabitants of the municipality Nowosolna. It also identifies rural development and the
promotion of social inclusion of those living on the described territory.