Przesłuchiwanie z respondentem magnetofonowego nagrania audycji „W Jezioranach” jako technika badania jego recepcji
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In the course of research on the reception of the radio serial W Jezioranach (In the Village Jeziorany) among 30 female workers who were its passionate listeners, it was found that some of them gave very scanty answers to the questions referring to their psychological needs satisfied by that broadcast. It was hypothesized that it was so rather because of their inability to express verbally their internal experiences and not by reason of an actual absence of them. In other words, one suspected that the technique of a formal and standardized interview did not lend itself to the investigation of such persons. To verify this hypothesis the author of the research decided to perform several experimental interviews arranged in such a way that they were more closely connected with a natural situation of broadcast listening. Five most taciturn listeners were selected for re-interviewing immediately after having made them hear the same tape recorded broadcast serial. Each re-interview was specially prepared in advance so as to take into account the gaps that appeared in the material obtained in the first interview. Then a comparison was made between the answers obtained during the first and the second interviews. The results corroborated the hypothesis: content analysis of two kinds of answers has shown that: 1° – the number of content elements found in the answers doubled; 2° – `it was such experiences as identification with the characters of the serial, feeling of authenticity, affirmation of the accepted values, that were most often discovered by means of the new interviewing technique, while the use of the broadcast as a source of practical advice and the interest in personal problems of serial characters were found as frequently in the first as in the second interviews. In order to demonstrate the authentic language of the interviewees the author appends several tape recorded fragments of their answers.