The article is devoted to the semantics of the garden described by a Russian author of the second half of the eighteenth century − Stepan Dzunkowsky in a poem entitled Alexander’s Cottage (1793). The garden described in his work was erected on the basis of an earlier narrative − Tales of Tsarevitch Chlorine, whose author was Catherine II. Dzunkowski in his poem combined in an original way the themes of the fairytale by Catherine II with descriptive and didactic reflections typical for a panegyrical ode. A poetic description of the landscaped garden of Alexander’s cottage reflected a new concept of descriptive poem in which architecture and its description dominate impressions, moods and thoughts of walking across the garden. «Reading» the garden, and not just admiring it was possible for those who knew the «alphabet», i.e. the content of the fable of Tsarina and an elementary knowledge of antiquity.