Znaczenie uwarunkowań genetycznych w dysfunkcjach układu hemostazy w cukrzycy - potencjalne czynniki ryzyka powikłań naczyniowych
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The unambiguous determination of etiopathogenetic factors underlying the increased risk of vascular disease in diabetic patients remains to be established. Evidence accumulated hitherto points that such an increased risk might be a constellation of metabolic disorders and genetic background. Thus, the impairments in coagulation and fibrinolysis, which are believed to partly result from metabolic disorders encountered in diabetes, and genetic factors might be compounding in predisposing a diabetic individual to develop the late diabetic sequelae sooner. The role of the latter seems superior with respect to some dysfunctions in haemostasis. Hence, the monitoring of the frequency and distribution of genetic polymorphisms of selected haemostatic proteins might be promising in an attempt to define the reasons of altered haemostatic imbalance in patients with diabetes mellitus. Based on such a knowledge one could discriminate the groups of patients with high risk for the development of vascular disease, in whom pharmacological strategy to attenuate haemostatic impairments would be desirable.