Problemy rozwoju budownictwa jednorodzinnego na przykładzie Łodzi
In the five - year period of 1976-1980 con struction of one-family houses is supported by the state as a potential source of faster satisfaction of housing needs also in towns. Decisions of central authorities promote its considerable quantitative growth. The planned volume of one-family housing construction is almost twice as high as the effects obtained in the previous 5-year period. There is projected an especially rapid development of co-operative housing construction with the houses possessing a high standard of technical equipment. Meanwhile the experience gained by Łódź in the years 1976-1977 shows that the plan provisions as regards the volume and proportions of housing construction are not feasible. In most cases the plan provisions are not implemented by the co-operative sector (houses of high standard) while in the case of individual housing construction (houses of low standard of technical equipment) the plan is only slightly exceeded. Hence the state intervention in the quantitative in crease of housing construction in the field of one-family houses. That situation is partly due to lack of properly developed land. Construction companies are not able to ensure development of land as their production capacities do not even meet the needs of industrial and multi-family housing construction which belongs to more important economic tasks. The author assumes that construction of one-family houses, calling for bigger effort of future residents and allowing them to solve the housing problem will enjoy bigger popularity in future than multi-family houses. It also constitutes a higher form of satisfaction of needs. Accordingly, it should be characterized with a higher quality. Hence the thesis that rapid quantitative growth of this from of housing construction with its present irrational character and low standard of technical equipment should be checked until a proper material base for its all-round development is created. Till that time the most urgent housing needs should be satisfied by multi-family housing construction being characterized with a high standard of technical equipment.