Dyspozycja etyczna w badaniach socjologicznych
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The paper deals with an ethical disposicion, which is an ability to perceive ethical aspects of the reality as a rudimental part of the human being’s moral awaraness. It is assumed, that the recognition of ethical propensity will allow to understand dissimilar explanations of the same events and social facts by different people, which complicate or even hinder social communication. The characteristic of individual’s predilection has to base on describing those spheres of appearances in which they present themselves, and those that are beyond the range of people’s moral reflection. To better understand a notion of the ethical predilection introduced, an opposition was made to the adjacent in meaning, but not identical conceptions of moral sensibility, moral consciousness, morals and intuition. With reference to the investigation on the social conditions of moral cognition, research methods and techniques are presented. They were employed in the attempts to search for the groups and categories of higher or lesser abilities of seeing moral aspects of the reality. An assumption was made, that a moral predisposition is revealed in the moral choices made by the respondents, also in their opinions. It is connected with a better moralization, viz., higher ranking on a Likert’s scale of morality, of elevated moral principles and prosocial orientations of the people investigated.