Subiektywna przestrzeń społeczna młodego i starszego pokolenia (z badań nad systemem identyfikacji społecznej)
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The paper deals with the problem of social ties and identifications in the Polish society of the late 70-ties. The author makes use of various coefficients of social identification in order to establish what social groups were regarded (by the Polish) as the most important, that is "reference groups". This kind of research provides a unique source of knowledge on both the system of values of a given society and the level of integration of the social organism. The fundamental question discusses here is whether the system of social identifications formed similarly or differently for various social groups. In the letter case operation of the system depended on individual social experience connected with generation affiliation, place in the class-stratum structure, social "biography" of individual etc. The results of research show a peculiar "privatisation" of the social world (particulary in case of the young generation) which is expressed by all - important role of family and circle of close friends, and the lach of identification with the official "world of institutions". The paper also analyses various causes of such situation, both institutional and system and the more universal connected with the cultural tradition of the Polish society.