Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorRIZZUTO, Francesca
dc.contributor.editorSzkopiński, Łukasz
dc.contributor.editorWoch, Agnieszka
dc.date.accessioned2020-03-19T14:25:07Z
dc.date.available2020-03-19T14:25:07Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.citationRizzuto F., Le populisme dans le nouvel espace public médiatisé. La relation entre politique et journalisme: l’anomalie italienne, [in:] Populismo y propaganda: entre el presente y el pasado, Ł. Szkopiński, A. Woch (eds.), WUŁ, Łódź 2020, http://dx.doi.org/10.18778/8142-733-3.20.pl_PL
dc.identifier.isbn978-83-8142-733-3
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11089/31750
dc.description.abstractThe paper will focus on the transformation of Italian political journalism and on the development of television market model in the last two decades, which brought about the success of the entertainment frame in political news. However, from the traditional advocacy journalism, Italian infotainment developed in a very peculiar direction, connected to this economic and cultural context. From the half of the 19th century, the Italian journalism was an instrument of political participation: reporters were members of a party, defended a political perspective or, which is even more dangerous, remained parallel to power. Newspapers have been used as microphones of politics, to offer visibility to leaders, without giving voice to readers. Only in the 90s the emergence of commercial television, the success of its language and formats, as well as the private TV news, made a radical change possible (Castronovo & Tranfaglia, 1994; Murialdi, 2006; Rizzuto, 2009). We can assert that an Anglo-Saxon news model, based on the watchdog ideal of neutrality and control of politicians, affirmed in a peculiar mix with the commercial perspective. For the first time in Italy, the market became important in news but with traditional elements still existing: according to Schudson (2003), in the market model, news is a product and must be sold to an audience. Nowadays Italian political journalism presents some peculiarities deriving from its parallelism to politics as well as the recent success of infotainment and the new central role of social media which are changing the traditional communication flow from leaders to voters. In two decades traditional mediation role of journalists almost disappeared: Movimento 5 Stelle is the most evident example of a new way of communicating without any form of informative mediation, which encourages populist forms of building political realty. A light use of news, focused on emotions and conflict to avoid complexity, is now more important than the traditional moral and cultural duty to be an informed citizen.pl_PL
dc.description.abstractCet article traite de la transformation du journalisme politique italien et du développement du modèle de marché au cours des deux dernières décennies, ce qui a imposé la logique du spectacle dans les nouvelles politiques. Malgré cela, à partir du journalisme traditionnel, l’infotainment italien s’est développé dans une direction particulière liée à ce contexte économique et culturel. À partir de la moitié du XIXe siècle, l’information a constitué, en Italie, un instrument de participation politique : les journalistes étaient membres d’un parti et défendaient une perspective politique, ou, ce qui est encore plus dangereux, s’alignaient sur le pouvoir. Les journaux ont souvent été utilisés comme des microphones pour offrir de la visibilité aux leaders politiques, sans donner la parole aux lecteurs. Pendant les années 90, l’émergence de la télévision commerciale, le succès de son langage a rendu possible un changement radical. On peut affirmer qu’un modèle d’information anglo-saxon, fondé sur l’idéal de neutralité et de contrôle des hommes politiques, s’est alors affirmé, combiné avec une perspective commerciale. Pour la première fois en Italie, les journaux sont devenus un marché important, avec des éléments traditionnels : Schudson a souligné que dans le modèle de marché, la nouvelle est « un produit » qui doit être vendu au public. Aujourd’hui, le journalisme politique italien présente certaines particularités qui découlent de son alignement traditionnel sur les partis, du récent succès du journalisme-spectacle et du nouveau rôle, central, des médias sociaux, qui modifient le flux de communication traditionnel leaders-électeurs. Movimento 5 Stelle est l’exemple le plus frappant d’une nouvelle façon de communiquer sans aucune forme de médiation informative, ce qui encourage les formes populistes de construction de la réalité politique. Une signification légère, soft, donnée aux informations, fondée sur les émotions et les conflits pour éviter la complexité est plus importante que le devoir moral et culturel traditionnel incombant à tout citoyen de se tenir informé.pl_PL
dc.description.sponsorshipLibro publicado gracias al apoyo de la Facultad de Filología de la Universidad de Łódź, del Instituto de Estudios Románicos y de Stowarzyszenie Nauczycieli Akademickich na Rzecz Krzewienia Kultury Języków Europejskichpl_PL
dc.language.isofrpl_PL
dc.publisherWydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiegopl_PL
dc.relation.ispartofPopulismo y propaganda: entre el presente y el pasado;
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Międzynarodowe*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/*
dc.subjectItalypl_PL
dc.subjectpolitical journalismpl_PL
dc.subjectpopulismpl_PL
dc.subjectdemocracypl_PL
dc.subjectjournalisme politiquepl_PL
dc.subjecttransformationspl_PL
dc.subjectdémocratiepl_PL
dc.titleLe populisme dans le nouvel espace public médiatisé. La relation entre politique et journalisme: l’anomalie italiennepl_PL
dc.typeBook chapterpl_PL
dc.page.number241-252pl_PL
dc.contributor.authorAffiliationUniversità degli Studi di Palermopl_PL
dc.identifier.eisbn978-83-8142-734-0
dc.referencesAltheide, D. (1991). Media Worlds in the Post-journalism Era. New York: Longman.pl_PL
dc.referencesBergamini, O. (2006). La democrazia della stampa. Storia del giornalismo. Roma: Laterza.pl_PL
dc.referencesCalouhn, C. (ed.) (1992). Habermas and the public sphere. Cambridge: The MIT Press.pl_PL
dc.referencesCastronovo, V. & Tranfaglia, N. (eds.) (1994). La stampa italiana nell’era della tv. Roma: Laterza.pl_PL
dc.referencesCosta P. (2010). La notizia smarrita. Modelli di giornalismo in trasformazione e cultura digitale. Torino: Giappichelli.pl_PL
dc.referencesDal Lago, A. (2013). Clic! Grillo, Casaleggio e la demagogia elettronica. Napoli: Cronopio.pl_PL
dc.referencesDal Lago, A. (2017). Populismo digitale. La crisi, la rete e la nuova destra. Milano: Raffaello Cortina.pl_PL
dc.referencesDiamanti, I. & Lazar, M. (2018). Popolocrazia. La metamorfosi delle nostre democrazie. Roma: Laterza.pl_PL
dc.referencesEdelman, M. (1988). Constructing the political spectacle. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.pl_PL
dc.referencesForcella, E. (1959). Millecinquecento lettori. Tempo Presente, n. 6.pl_PL
dc.referencesForgacs, D. (2000). Italian Culture in the Industrial Era. Cultural Industries, Politics and the Public (1880–2000). Manchester-New York: Manchester University Press.pl_PL
dc.referencesGans, H. (2003). Democracy and the News. New York: Oxford University Press.pl_PL
dc.referencesGrossi, G. (2004). L’opinione pubblica. Roma: Laterza.pl_PL
dc.referencesHabermas, J. (1962). Strukturandel der Offentlichkheit. Neuwied: Hermann Luchterhanh.pl_PL
dc.referencesHallin, D. & Mancini, P. (2004). Modelli di giornalismo. Roma: Laterza.pl_PL
dc.referencesIppolita (2012). Nell’acquario di Facebook. La resistibile ascesa dell’anarco-capitalismo. Milano: Ledizioni.pl_PL
dc.referencesLorusso, A. M. & Violi, P. (2008). Semiotica del testo giornalistico. Roma: Laterza.pl_PL
dc.referencesMazzoleni, G. (1998). La comunicazione politica. Bologna: Il Mulino.pl_PL
dc.referencesMcQuail, D. (1994). Mass Communication Theory. London: Sage.pl_PL
dc.referencesMorcellini, M. (1995). Elezioni di tv. Televisione e pubblico nella campagna elettorale del 1994. Genova: Costa e Nolan.pl_PL
dc.referencesMorcellini, M. (ed.) (2011). Neogiornalismo. Tra crisi e rete, come cambia il sistema dell’informazione. Milano: Mondadori.pl_PL
dc.referencesMurialdi, P. (2006). Storia del giornalismo italiano. Dalle gazzette a Internet. Bologna: Il Mulino.pl_PL
dc.referencesNovelli, E. (2016). La democrazia del talk show. Storia di un genere che ha cambiato la televisione, la politica, l’Italia. Milano: Carocci.pl_PL
dc.referencesPrignano, M. (2007). Il giornalismo politico. Soveria Mannelli: Rubbettino.pl_PL
dc.referencesRizzuto, F. (2009). Giornalismo e democrazia. L’informazione politica in Italia. Palermo: Palumbo.pl_PL
dc.referencesRizzuto, F. (2012). Lo spettacolo delle notizie. Itinerari di sociologia del giornalismo. Roma: Aracne.pl_PL
dc.referencesRuggiero, C. (2014). Le sorti della videocrazia. Tv e politica nell’Italia del Mediaevo. Milano: Mondadori.pl_PL
dc.referencesSchudson, M. (2003). The Sociology of News. New York: Norton & Company.pl_PL
dc.referencesSorrentino, C. (2008). La società densa. Firenze: Le Lettere.pl_PL
dc.referencesSplendore, S. (2017). Il giornalismo ibrido. Come cambia la cultura giornalistica in Italia. Roma: Carocci.pl_PL
dc.referencesThompson, J. B. (1995). The Media and Modernity: a Social Theory of the Media. Cambridge: Polity Press.pl_PL
dc.referencesZiccardi, G. (2016). L’odio on line. Violenza verbale ed ossessioni in rete. Milano: Raffaello Cortina.pl_PL
dc.identifier.doi10.18778/8142-733-3.20


Files in this item

Thumbnail
Thumbnail
Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Międzynarodowe
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Międzynarodowe